“A group of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do, and who learn how to do it better as they interact regularly.”
COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE PRESENTATION.pdf
- Term was coined based on a study of how apprentices learn together (Lave and Wenger, 1991).
- “Coined to refer to the community that acts as a living curriculum for the apprentice” (Wenger website, 2010, para 7).
- Shared practice serves as the primary curriculum (Wenger, July, 2010).
- There are both peripheral and core members in a community of practice (Lave and Wenger, 1991).
- Focus on reciprocity. Voluntary, shared commitment to learn from others and with others in the community (Wenger, August, 2010).
- Commitment to a learning partnership with regular interaction enables trust to build (Wenger, August, 2010).
- Trust allows for close observation of one another’s practice, and exchange of successes and set backs.
THREE KEY INGREDIENTS
- Members are brought together by a learning need they share.
- They organize around a domain of knowledge that gives them a joint sense of purpose.
- Knowledge in that domain is recognized as “expertise” by members of the COP and collective competence is valued.
- People who share tools, resources and ways of dealing with persistent problems.
- They discuss and engage in joint activities.
- Their collective learning becomes a bond among them over time.
- members are practitioners
- they develop a shared repertoire of resources
- practice is the basis of learning